Launch of The Mystic of Borneo - Kadayan

Friday, June 27, 2008
Author kaawai Category ,

Written by Arimi Sidek

Friday, 27 June 2008

Finally Amde’s work,The Mystic of Borneo – Kadayan was successfully launched yesterday, 26 June 2008. The function was jointly-organized by Sabah Society and Ministry of Tourism, Culture & Environment (Sabah).

Revised version [video added], 27 June 2008.



Guests and journalists were cramped into the main room of Sabah Society office. It was something that they don’t expect to become crowd puller, the organizer said.

Mr. Amde said the book does not meant to be academic in nature but, rather, a snapshot of Kadayans people in time.

Datuk Masidi Manjun, Minister of Tourism, Culture & Environment (Sabah), guest of honor, in his keynote address said that Kadayans are the fascinating people of Borneo from cultural dynamic point of view. According to him, there are many well educated Kadayans in Sabah. Apparently, they had chosen education as a way to enhance the quality of life. Kadayans are also politically active, and, until now have final say to decide who should became leaders in places where they are the majority. These can be seen from the experience of BERJAYA party in Labuan in 1970s, again, the experience of PBS in Sipitang in 1980s.

Also present were ADUN of Sindumin, Tn Hj Ahmad Hj Bujang, Tengku Datuk Dr Hj Zainal Adlin of Sabah Society, businessman Datuk Hj. Isli Siput, Hj. Zahir @ Jerry Moots and Mr. Kassim Supinah – Amde's longtime friends and staunch supporters, Mr Thanda – Amde's secondary school teacher, and a guest from University Brunei Darussalam.

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Note: Sdr Sikmading wrote a better coverage about this event in his blog


Comments


Sikmading - I was there! |2008-06-27 14:05:04

Saudara Arimi,sebenarnya saya ada di situ kelmarin. Tetapi by the time I asked Amde(my old friend) where were you, you already left!What a pity because actually I went there partly to meet you. Anyway, late last nite I already uploaded my story in my blog, as usual with pics.Sila layari. Bagi tahu Amde juga. Terima kasih.

arimi - Sdr Sikmading! |2008-06-27 21:16:47
Terima kasih. Sebenarnya saya juga gembira jika dapat berjumpa sdr kelmarin. Tapi saya terpaksa bergegas dari majlis berkenaan kerana ada hal di luar.

Mungkin kita boleh berjumpa di lain masa. Sdr boleh menghantar email kepada saya di ruangan contact me di arimi.ath.cx bila-bila masa.

TQ

jureen |2008-06-27 23:57:50
ini satu perubahan yg baik terutama bagi masyarakat kedayan yang tidak lagi tinggal di kawasan asal kaum kedayan. tidak dapat dinafikan generasi muda kedayan yang dibesarkan mahupun belajar di kawasan bandar mungkin kurang mahir tentang apa itu kedayan sendiri. apa pun, saya harap setiap orang yang berbangsa kedayan merasa bangga dengan asal usul mereka

A.S. Kasah - Launch of The Mystic of Borneo - Kadayan |2008-06-28 06:34:05
Saya sebagai seorang Kadayan, amat berbangga dengan pelancaran buku karya Sdr Amde Sidek yang berjudul The Mystic of Borneo - Kadayan. Bagi saya ini merupakan satu langkah awal untuk sukukaum Kadayan di Sabah khasnya dan Sarawak & Brunei amnya untuk memperkasakan suku kaum ini supaya ianya tidak akan pupus ditelan zaman.

Saya berharap generasi pelapis Kadayan tidak akan lalai dan alpa dek keadaan persekitaran yang amat mencabar sehingga kita lupa siapa kita dan dari mana asal kita.

Tahniah buat Sdr Amde dan teruskan menulis buku-buku yang ada berhubungkait dengan budaya & tradisi suku kaum Kadayan. Tahniah!

Salleh Salam - Tahniah |2008-06-28 20:22:58
Tahniah lagi. Sesungguhnya satu usaha yang mulia untuk sekarang dan jenerasi kemudian.


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Petrol havoc in Sabah

Thursday, June 26, 2008
Author kaawai Category

(dailyexpress) But this time it was not another price hike but due to panic buying started by rumours via SMS as well as word of mouth that stations were planning to shut down operations due to dissatisfaction over the charges imposed by credit card companies.

It also showed how a situation could turn chaotic if people believed SMSes sent out by quarters with an agenda or mischievous intent and when these keep being forwarded to everyone else by innocent parties.

A police report on this matter was lodged by Consumer Association of Sabah and Labuan President Datuk Patrick Sindu at the downtown police station in the afternoon, urging the police and the Multimedia Commission (MMC) to track down the culprits.

Alright, it is rumours after all. But where the rumours came from? The fact is that – there are ongoing problem regarding petrol kiosk operators commission, as the news below stated.

And on strike tomorrow, if...

Kota Kinabalu (DailyExpress): Most petrol kiosks in Sabah may go on strike for eight hours this Thursday if the Federal Government fails to come up with an acceptable rate of commission for selling fuel before then.

Sabah Petroleum Dealers Association (SPDA) President Charles Soong, who disclosed this to Daily Express, said this would be carried out once a directive is received from the Petroleum Dealers' Association (PDA) in Kuala Lumpur.

The association is currently negotiating with the Government on the matter.

He said PDA is seeking a higher and acceptable commission for petrol kiosks in Sabah and Sarawak so as to help them survive following the drastic hike in oil prices in the country on June 5.

"PDA is trying to work out an acceptable rate with the Government and it has met with the Secretary-General of the Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Ministry in Kuala Lumpur. I was made to understand that initially the proposed commission rate was 7.5 per cent of total sales for both fuels.


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Rajah of Ambong & Marudu, Kimanis

Author kaawai Category

Written by Arimi Sidek

Ellena was the first American territory in Borneo. It was situated in the Kimanis riverbank around sixty miles north of Labuan. Joseph W. Torrey was appointed "Supreme Ruler and Governor".

Ellena - US Colony in Borneo

The Sultan of Brunei had given him the title of Rajah of Ambong and Marudu.

Ellena - US Colony in Borneo


Elena of Kimanis Borneo 2, 1865 – 1881

The first treaty between the United States of America and Brunei was signed in 1850. It was materialized through negotiations between Capt. Joseph Balestier of the United State Navy, and the Sultan of Brunei of the time.

Among others, the treaty was to ensure freedom of trade between the two countries, the right for citizens of the United States to acquire property in Brunei, and a fair treatment of the citizens of the United States in Brunei.

From this year on, there was an ongoing plan back in the American business community in Hong Kong to establish a settlement (a colony, a trading post) in Borneo. The American consul, Claude Lee Moses, managed to secure concession right for the period of 10 years from the Sultan of Brunei.

Due to some reasons, Moses was seems to be in hurry to transfer his right to two American merchants in Hong Kong, Joseph W. Torrey and Thomas B. Harris, and two Chinese, Lee Assing and Pong Ampong. The settlement plan was implemented in November 1865 by the four, when the batch of pioneer settlers sailed off to Borneo.

Torrey was appointed "Supreme Ruler and Governor" of the ceded territory. Beside the grandeur title, the Sultan of Brunei had given him the title of Rajah of Ambong and Marudu.

The territory was situated somewhere in the Kimanis riverbank around sixty miles north of Labuan.

Torrey named the settlement as 'Ellena'. By the end of December, 1986, the population of Ellena numbered at around 60 people, consists of Chinese and Americans.

But as a new settlement, Ellena requires more capital in order to survive. Torrey understood this, as they only had $7,500.00 as a start-up capital. Therefore, it was necessary for him to go back to Hong Kong in order to get enough financial support from business community there.

Before he left, he had appointed his assistant, Joseph Wellright as the acting ruler of Ellena while, one George Elcock to serves as Wellright's assistant.

Source:

American Activity in North Borneo, 1865-1881 by K. G. Tregonning. The Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 23, No. 4. (Nov., 1954), pp. 357-372.


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Pisau Peraut - Aaut, Aaut, Pisau Paaut

Wednesday, June 25, 2008
Author kaawai Category

Written by kalajiau ingaa

Pengalaman saya dengan pisau peraut bapa, ia boleh digunakan untuk mencukur bulu roma kaki!

Pisau peraut - aaut, aaut, pisau peraut

Biasanya si tukang akan duduk bersila; atau duduk dengan bertinggung sebelah lutut. Pakaian semasa ’meraut’ juga khas, sama ada berkain pelikat berlipat ke paras lutut atau hanya berkakun.

Pisau  peraut - aaut, aaut, pisau peraut

Pisau Peraut (pisau paaut)

AKU OANG DAAT - PART 14

Ini merupakan pisau seni dan serbaguna (sangat serba guna) khas untuk melakukan kerja-kerja kecil, menghalusi, membuat tebukan, mengukir hasil-hasil pertukangan seperti membuat saong maang, hulu maang, lasuk, ambin, gambus, gasing, dan hampir semua kerja pertukangan rutin oang daat.

Kegunaannya tidak terhad kepada orang lelaki. Sang ibu menggunakannya sebagai peralatan di dalam kerja-kerja menganyam tikar, takiding, basung; juga tugas-tugas ‘tambahan’ seperti menatas dan memotong baju, kuku dan sebagainya.

Tataan (gandar) pisau peraut pada amnya adalah kira-kira sekaki; atau dua jengkal lebih kurang.

Sekali imbas, ia kelihatan seperti sebatang tombak mini yang matanya telah menjadi senget. Sais mata pisau mungkin sama atau besar sedikit dari seluruh jari telunjuk anda.

Namun jangan pandang rendah dengan saiznya yang kecil ini. Sementelaah pula, bagi oang daat, pisau peraut merupakan peralatan penting di dalam kehidupan seharian. Ia disimpan dengan baik dan pada sepanjang masa ia tidak diampaa (disepah-sepahkan). Malah menajamkannya (mengasahnya) memerlukan kepakaran tersendiri. Demi kesesuaian tugasnya pisau peraut merupakan pisau tajam ‘super’. Hasilnya pisau peraut biasanya sangat tajam dan tidak boleh dibuat main. Pengalaman saya dengan pisau peraut bapa, ia boleh digunakan untuk mencukur bulu roma kaki!

Seperti yang saya katakan tadi, pisau peraut merupakan alat seni. Kesenian ini meliputi cara mengendalikannya. Biasanya si tukang akan duduk bersila; atau duduk dengan bertinggung sebelah lutut. Pakaian semasa ’meraut’ juga khas, sama ada berkain pelikat berlipat ke paras lutut atau hanya berkakun (bertuala).

Pisau Peraut - aaut, aaut, pisau paaut2

Pisau Peraut - aaut, aaut, pisau paaut2


Pangkal pisau peraut dikepit di pangkal lengan, dengan tangan di bahagian siku ditopang ke atas lutut kaki yang ditinggungkan.

Biasanya nyiru diletakkan di hadapan pangkuan untuk mengumpulkan tatal, serpihan dan bahan buangan rautan.

Oh ya, untuk melengkapkannya, sigup bilai (rokok daun), kopi dan makanan ringan akan juga diletakkan berhampiran si tukang.

Dengan segala kelengkapan ini, maka terbentuk 'statue' yang lengkap di tangah langgaa (di tengah langgar) ruang tamu selama berjam-jam. Meraut merupakan kerja yang mengasyikkan.


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Launching of "The Mystic of Borneo"

Tuesday, June 24, 2008
Author kaawai Category ,

Written by Amde sidik



The Sabah Society & Sabah Tourism Board

with great pleasure of inviting you to the launching of

The Mystic of Borneo~Kadayan

by The Sabah’s Minister of Tourism, Culture and Environment

Datuk Masidi Manjun



Venue: Sabah Society’s Office

No 46, 1st Floor, Block E, Damai Plaza, Phase 4, Luyang, Kota Kinabalu

Date: 26.06.2008 (Thursday)

Time : 10.00 am

All are welcome: Books lovers, Bloggers and Amde’s friends

The place is expected to be crowded, and seats are limited.

I am thankful to my friends in The Sabah Society who initiated to launch my book in particular Puan Hajjah Zahra Yaacob-immediate past President and the current President of Sabah Society YM Tengku Datuk Z.Adlin

Enquires please contact Sabah Society’s Office 088-250 443

Sabah Society’s office is located at the far end of Block E, facing Damai Point (Car Park), at the back is facing Glory Christian Church.


Comments


Shamri Hj Awg JUamt - The Mystic of Borneo |2008-06-28 12:57:36
How should I get or buy d book "The Mystic of Borneo, Kedayan" ?


kaawai - sorry for the delay |2008-06-30 08:09:09
Sdr Shamri,

If you in Malaysia, the book is available from MPH bookstores throughout the country.

It is also available via amazon dot com, but you can also contact the author directly via kadayanjournal.livejournal.com,

thank you for your interest


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Sipitang yang dipinggirkan

Friday, June 20, 2008
Author kaawai Category

Written by Helmi Ali

Dengar riuh sorakan Malaysia merdeka 50 tahun seperti tidak membawa apa2 erti bagi masyarakat yang berada di daerah sipitang. Sipitang seperti diabaikan oleh kerajaan sabah tidak mempunyai apa2 kemajuan, projek2 yang besar bagi menjamin ekonomi di sana.

Image

Wakil rakyat yang amat diharap2kan untuk menyuarakan permasalahan rakyat yang kian merintih demi erti sebuah kehidupan namun lenyap begitu sahaja. Bilakah kemajuan akan tercapai bagi daerah sipitang ini? bekalan air yang kadang kala ada, dan air yang tidak bersih tidak mampu untuk digunakan bagi kegunaan harian.

Tenaga eletrik yang lemah dan ada tempat yang tidak mempunyai sebarang bekalan pun dibiarkan begitu sahaja. Pengangkutan awam di sipitang hanya bergantung kepada kenderaan persendirian yang membawa penumpang dari satu tempat ke tempat yang lain dengan tambang yang kian meningkat dari hari ke hari berikutan kenaikan harga bahan api. Baca dari sumber


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Gubang - Perahu tradisi Kedayan

Author kaawai Category

Written by kalajiau ingaa

Gubang tidak syak lagi merupakan perahu hasil kreaviti lampau kami oang daat, kedayan.

gubang perahu orang kedayan

Bakal gubang merupakan struktur yang amat tidak stabil. Orang daat menemui kemahiran tersendiri untuk menstabilkannya melalui proses pembakaran.

AKU OANG DAAT - PART 13

Gubang tidak syak lagi merupakan perahu hasil kreaviti lampau kami oang daat, kedayan.

Gubang berbeza dari tamuai atau buis - perahu oang laut, oang Buunai.

Perahu-perahu yang sedemikian kami panggil Paahu Buunai, walaupun pembuatnya bukan semesti orang Berunai. Ini kerana di Borneo kemahiran sedemikian juga dimiliki oleh orang-orang ‘Sama’ (Bajau), Suluk, Banjar dan tentunya orang-orang Bugis Samarinda. Secara amnya perahu mereka lebih kukuh, besar dan mampu mengharung ombak lautan yang lebih mencabar.

Gubang pula merupakan alat pengangkutan di sungai dan muara sungai dengan diluncur menggunakan pengayuh.

Sebuah gubang dihasilkan dari sebatang kayu balak yang ditebuk.

bakal gubang

Kayu sesuai adalah dari jenis seraya, yang timbul di permukaan air. Ia ditebuk dengan baji, kapak, maang panyimpaa dan baliung sebagai peralatan utama. Kayu yang garis pusatnya sehingga 0.8 meter sesuai untuk dijadikan gubang. Lubang dikorek di bahagian dalam dan kemudiannya membentuk ruang dalaman gubang.

Kerja-kerja menebuk memerlukan kesabaran dan ketelitian. Tebukan demi tebukan harus dibuat dengan berhati-hati agar lubang yang dibentuk sesuai dengan bentuk gubang yang diinginkan. Perkembangan ketara hanya boleh mungkin selepas berberapa hari atau mungkin beberapa minggu, terutamanya jika kerja-kerja menebuk dilakukan seorang diri.

Bakal gubang yang telah disimpaa dan dibaliung merupakan struktur asas yang dipanggil sebagai ‘bakal’1 gubang. Pada peringkat ini struktur berkenaan masih belum sesuai diapungkan di permukaan air, apa lagi untuk dinaiki.

Sememangnya, gubang bukan 'catamaran' orang-orang Polynesia, walaupun persamaaan keduanya amat dekat di antara satu dengan lain. Ini kerana kedua-duanya merupakan perahu kayu balak yang ditebuk. Tetapi jika dihalusi secara perbandingan, catamaran adalah gubang yang diubahsuai, sementara gubang pula merupakan catamaran tunggal yang dipertingkatkan.

catamaran

Gubang Polynesia siap setakat peringkat 'bakal' saja. Untuk menstabilkannya, mereka membina 2 sampii di kiri kanan, atau menggunakannya secara berkembar di kiri dan kanan. Hasilnya gubang kecil ini menjadi amat stabil dan mudah dikendalikan di laut.

Seperti yang dikatakan tadi, bakal gubang merupakan struktur yang amat tidak stabil. Ia lingga dan perlu dilebarkan untuk menstabilkannya. Di sinilah orang daat Borneo menemui kemahiran tersendiri, kami menstabilkan gubang melalui proses pembakaran.

bakar bakal gubang

Dengan membakarnya, bakal gubang akan mengembang dan takat garispusat gubang bertambah lebar dan lampai. Jadinya gubang boleh terapung dan meredah arus sungai, ceruk dan lubuk yang penuh aba dengan baik sekali.

Semasa pembakaran, untuk menjamin kedua belah dinding gubang mengembang (mencapai lebar yang dikehendaki) batang-batang kayu kecil akan disangga secara melintang dengan banyaknya di sepanjang badan gubang.

Secara umumnya kayu-kayu berkenaan adalah lebih panjang dari lebar gubang bagi membolehkannya bertindak sebagai spring penganjal. Dengan menyangga secara melintang, kayu-kayu kecil ini terbentur dan melentur secara semulajadi. Ia menolak dinding gubang dan menjadi lebar, selebar yang dikehendaki.

Sangga-sangga ini ditambah dan dikurangkan mengikut kehendak lebar gubang disepanjang tempoh pembakaran.

Selepas selesai dibakar, permukaan gubang yang hampir siap ini akan diperhalusi dengan menggunakan ketam kayu.

Siap diketam, banyak lubang akan ditebuk di badan kapal. Lubang-lubang ini kemudian ditutup menggunakan pasak. Gunanya untuk mengukuhkan struktur, menyekat retak dari merebak, mengurangkan retak badan gubang, juga senang untuk mengeluarkan air dari gubang pada masa-masa tertentu.

Proses akhir bagi gubang yang tidak bercat ialah dengan menampal tali jut (guni) pada semua retak dan lubang yang ada di badan kapal, serta menyapunya dengan lapisan damar bercampur minyak yang menjadi perekat kalis air yang kuat dan tahan lama, dipanggil ‘gala-gala’.

Gubang yang telah siap ini boleh bertahan sehingga 5 tahun bergantung kepada penjagaan dan penggunaannya.

Nota Kaki:

1Bakal merupakan prefix bagi merujuk kepada banyak jenis hasil pekerjaan separa siap oang daat. Ini meliputi bakal gubang, bakal hulu maang, bakal saong maang, bakal gambus - tetapi tidak pula disebut bakal rumah.


Comments


sepupu jin - gubang |2008-06-19 13:37:04
Walaupun pembuatannya cukup seni, tetapi gubang tidak praktikal pada zaman ini kalau berdasarkan kaedah pembuatannya seperti yang diceritakan. Bayangkan, sebatang balak boleh dijadikan sebatang gubang, cuba kalau dijadikan papan dan dijadikan perahu yang biasa, kan lebih besar saiz perahu yang dapat dihasilkan?

Kedayan Indon - gubang |2008-08-20 21:25:16
Auk ada jua banaa nya komen liau atu, nganya dalam hal ani aku pikie bukan masaalah praktikalnya yang cuba di utarakan oleh penulis ani....soal caita mulanya(sajarah owang kadayan) ni liau..ada jua papatah owang kadayan tu jamu, " amun inda ada yang dahulu payah jua kan ada yang kaangani"....!!!!

zmk7259 |2008-06-19 21:07:45
lawa perahu tu liau,aku x sempat merasainya,mun sampat jua ku lihat diWeston dulu,skg ani byk perahu asli telah diupgradekan,maklumla,org kita ani,kreatif...,tp mcm pernah ku lihat lukisan itu,tp dmana ya?

kedayan indon - gubang |2008-08-20 21:07:35
Auk banaa, amun kaangani payah sudah kan manhunjaa gubang yang oiejinal macam atu,kakal ku ingat jau tu mulanya maasaie ku malihat aimulah liau ku mbuat gubang damiatu atu, sabahaa batunu baindah tu banaa, amun kaangani mabali nganya bah dangan paahu asbestus atu..bah atu tah nganya dahulu aie lain kita bajumpa lagi...


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Bigfoot di Sarawak: Tambirang!

Saturday, June 14, 2008
Author kaawai Category

Written by Ucie Sumbibih



Jika anda seorang artis grafik, satu-satunya watak terkenal yang anda boleh bayangkan dari bentuk tapak berkenaan adalah “Donald Duck”.

Bigfoot di Daro 1



Bigfoot di Sarawak: Tambirang!

(Teks disusun semula oleh Kalajiau Ingaa)

Bagusnya, cerita Bigfoot tiba-tiba keluar semasa kenaikan harga petrol yang menggila ini. Bigfoot mengajar kita satu perkara, mulai sekarang kita harus rajin berjalan kaki.

Bigfoot di Daro 2



Menurut beritanya, kejadian yang mengejutkan ini menjadi cerita yang panas di daerah Daro sejak beberapa hari lepas. Di antara yang tertarik dengannya termasuklah seorang ahli perniagaan tempatan, En Tan Soon Kuang. Cerita ini disiarkan di akhbar-akhbar dan juga TV3 di dalam program Bulletin Utama, semalam. Anda boleh membaca berita lanjut mengenainya di sini dan sini .

Kononnya di masa lampau kawasan ini merupakan kawasan pertapaan. Pasal bertapa, yang itu aku tidak berani komenlah.

Tapi sebagai orang yang bertahun-tahun terbabit dengan kerja-kerja grafik, bagi aku kesan tapak-kaki berkenaan belum cukup meyakinkan, berbanding dengan tapak kaki (tetapi hanya sebelah) yang ditemui di semenanjung Malaysia beberapa tahun lepas.

Hanya tapak kaki yang ditemui. Jadi mari kita pause sekejap berita petrol yang menyakitkan hati dan membuang masa menjadi ahli forensik tapak kaki Bigfoot.

1. Tapak terlalu rata untuk menjadi manasabah

Bigfoot di Daro 3



Mengambilkira saiz tapak kaki berkenaan, tekanan hentakan harus lebih dalam ke bumi terutama di kawasan ini yang kelihatan agak becak.

Bahagian tumit dan bahagian dalam tapak kaki terutamanya sebelum bahagian ibu jari kaki sepatutnya lebih dalam lagi, kerana bentuk badan Bigfoot harus agak bongkok ke hadapan.

Imej-imej berikut merupakan bentuk-bentuk tinggalan Bigfoot yang lebih realistik walaupun kebenarannya sendiri belum dipastikan hingga ke hari ini.

Bigfoot from oversea



2. Bentuk tapak tidak sesuai dengan anatomi Bigfoot

Bigfoot di Daro 4



Bentuk tapak berkenaan mirip kepada tapak kaki katak atau itik yang dikuncupkan; kecuali jari-jari hadapannya yang sangat kontot.

Jika anda seorang artis grafik dan mengambilkira pengalaman di dalam lakaran anatomi ekstrim, satu-satu bentuk watak terkenal yang anda boleh bayangkan dari bentuk tapak berkenaan adalah “Donald Duck”.

Donald Duck

Atau; tuan punya 'tapak' adalah makhluk yang sangat ringan dan sangat kurus.

3. Hanya dua tapak kaki

Kenapa HANYA ada dua tapak kaki?

Langsung tidak masuk akal. Kecualilah Bigfoot berkenaan turun dari helikopter menggunakan tali, TIDAK mungkin tapak kaki hanya dua. Tapak kaki seharusnya akan terus 'bertambah' selangkah demi selangkah sehingga berderetan, seperti satu garis jahitan yang berpanjangan.


4. Tapak yang terakhir berhenti di tepi pagar

Bigfoot di Daro 5



Tiga perkara terjadi apabila semua makhluk berhadapan dengan halangan. Pertama, dia akan melangkauinya. Kedua ia akan menyusuri pagar untuk mencari pintu atau hujung halangan. Ketiga ia akan berpatah balik.

Ketiga-tiga keputusan di atas memberi kesan yang nyata dan berbeza kepada taburan tapak-tapak di kawasan pagar.

Pertama, jika ia melangkaui pagar berkenaan, tekanan pada tapak yang terakhir akan bertambah. Jadi lekuk tapak kaki berkenaan harus lebih dalam berbanding tapak yang satu lagi.

Kedua, jika ia mencari pintu, tapak kaki akan menjadi banyak dan rencam di sekeliling pagar.

Ketiga, jika ia berpatah balik, tapak kaki akan timbul semula ke arah yang berlawanan.

Kesimpulannya, kepada tuan empunya 'tapak kaki' berkenaan, sila berusaha lagi membuat tapak yang meyakinkan pada masa hadapan.

Ucie Sumbibih


Comments


kaki basar - sungguh lojik |2008-06-14 10:51:53
rasanya memang tambiranglah, mengambilkira pandangan ucie sumbibih ini.

mula-mula tu rasa hati mau juga percaya, maklumlah kerana perkara-perkara mistik ini sentiasa mungkin terjadi.

lampuh - Mangkali tampak batis oang anggau |2008-06-15 07:24:06
Aie diee damit mulanya salajuu oang tuha-tuha bacaita pasal oang anggau. Analisa Si Ucie atu baik jua kan dibaca-baca, tapi bagi aku ada dua kamungkinan. Pertama: Tampak batis yang dalam gambaa atu kulihat macam dibuat-buat. Walau pun aku ani bukan oang yang pandai malukis, tapi asanya inda baapa payah kan mbuat tampak batis yang macam dalam gambaa atu.

Kedua - Tampak batis oang anggau. Oang anggau ani yang sabanaanya inda ya payah bajalan atas tanah. Tekanan yang nampak pada tampak batis atu upanya inda baapa baat jalamanya. Pasal atu taya ada kamungkinan tampak batis oang anggau. Oang anggau ani walaupun tubuhnya basaa dan tingginya anggau, tapi inda ya dapat disama akan dian jalama biasa. Sabab oang anggau ani bukan jalama macam kita. Bisia ani termasuk didalam golongan iblis dan shaitan.

Luus kah inda, inda tah ku tahu.

basaa batis - Oang Anggau tah tu |2008-06-15 08:59:23
Liau lampuh, uja aimulah liau, yang ia masaii talihat, oang anggau angkak2 tukun2 siing umah, tuhutnya pun limpas kapala liau,

lapas atu kana mandiie jamu liau tu bhao tha baik.

Mangkali atu tah tu, oang anggau

lampuh - Mangkali tampak batis Oang Anggau |2008-06-15 13:46:47
Aie ku di Labuhan mulanya, ada oang Kadayan yang bagimbaan oang anggau. Abangku bakawan baik dian jalama anie dan ia masaaie ya talihat. Oang Kadayan atu (aruah sudah) bila ya ninggal akan kuitanya, inda ya maasaie ngunci atau katup pinjauannya. Ada sakali caita abangku oang Pilipin kan mancuie isi kuitanya. Bahaau tah kan mbuka kuita, oang anggau atu muncul tiba-tiba. Balusian oang Pilipin katakutan, ada yang takamih aah dalam saluaa. Masa atu abangku dian yang umpunya kuita atu minum kupi, "Tuh...inda jua dangan baani mancuie kuitaku atu"...

Pucat kuning muha abangku malihat oang anggau badiee sieng kuita kawannya tu. Oang Kadayan anie jaan dipamain, ada kakal yang sandi-sandi gayanya!!

whatever |2008-06-16 16:47:40



tapak donald duck? tapak pluto lagi le tepat.....

anak jin - jinlah, jin... tak caye? |2008-06-17 11:11:49
ucie,
tu ler namanya tapak jin, bukan manusia.
tapi tapak yang satu tu nampaknya lebih lebih tersangat pendek dari yang satu lagi...

sepupu jin - tapak tidak sama? |2008-06-19 13:29:39
hantu cacat tu, tapak kakinya panjang sebelah, pendek sebelah

langkawit - mungkin big foot kurus |2008-06-17 11:36:07
dulu dalam katun ada jug cerit macam tu. kaki besar dan ramai yang takut. tapi last-last binatang tu saja kaki besar tapi badan macam urang biasa

monster bigfoot - ultraman bigfoot barangkali!!! |2008-06-18 09:22:42
Saya rasa mungkin ia ultraman atau jenis yang superpower, melihatkan ada dua kesan tapak kaki je, mungkin ia "landing" di atas tanah becak kemudian terus terbang balik ke atas kot. Ini teori je.

ultraman |2008-06-19 17:25:15
ultraman taiga ni... hehehe

TAMBUAKA62 - Banaa tu wang Badustanya tampak batis basaa!!! |2008-06-20 02:41:51
Luus tu Wang tampak batis basaa macam atu mun aie ku damit mulanya hagut diee mbuat tu. Tampak batis Damit jua hagut ku mbuat mulanya mun nakuti patuhaan mungut buah duyan ketanjung @ tampat kabun buah Duyan... Uja alam hati nakuti patuhaan tautama pabinian "TAPAK INDAHAO" uja diee. SeMalaysia kena dustaiee. Mun kamu mau aku mbuat akan Tampak batis Basaa di Supitang? Tangahnya ASK di KL mangkalikan malihat di News pakah??? He he he he


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The Muruts; Kadayans 'Big Brother'

Author kaawai Category

Written by Arimi Sidek

The Lun Bawangs / Lun Dayehs are from Vietnam.

Annam old map, 1651

In Borneo, their culture had then adopted by the LONG KIPUTS, the BATU BLAHS, the TRINGS, and the ADANGS in the head of the Limbang River; to the same group belong the KADAYANS in the neighbourhood of Bruni, who, from contact with their Malay neighbours, have become in large part Mohammedans of Malay culture.

The Muruts, Kadayan 'Big Brother'

Kadayans of Bruni 4, 1912 (KOB4)
When Dr Hose mentioned the Muruts in 'The Pagan Tribes of Borneo', he actually refers to Lun Bawang or Lun Dayeh people, not to the people that known as Sabahan 'Muruts' at present. For those people, he reserved another name, 'Tagal'. Dr Hose was wrong, as 'Tagal' or 'Tagol' actually just a sub-entity of several other sub entities within the 'Muruts' stock.

But who cares,

Rule #1 - Western researchers always right.

Rule #2 - If, they had committed any mistakes, see Rule #1.

Hose noticed the peculiarity about the Muruts in compare to Kayan, another tribe under 'Klemantan' category, along with kadayans and a few more. They build long houses; but these are comparatively flimsy structures, and they are often situated at adistance from any navigable stream.

Even those Muruts who live on the river−banks make much less use of boats than the other tribes, and all of them are great walkers. They have very little skill in boat−making.

Their most distinctive peculiarity is their system of agriculture (see vol. i. p. 97), which involves irrigation, the use of buffalo, the raising of two crops a year, and the repeated use in successive years of the same land.

Other distinctive features are their peculiar long sword and short spear; the absence of any axe and blow−pipe; the custom according to which the women propose marriage to the men (Kalabits).

Hose somewhat think that Muruts were descent from Annam, the present day Vietnam.

“The descendants of the immigrants who introduced this type of culture are, we think, the Muruts proper, who claim that name and dwell chiefly in the Trusan, the Padas, the Sembakong, the Kerayan rivers, and in the head of the Kinabatangan; also the Kalabits in the northern part of the upper basin of the Baram. It is these which display most decidedly the physical peculiarities noted above.

As examples of Klemantan tribes that have partially adopted the Murut culture we would mention the LONG KIPUTS, the BATU BLAHS, the TRINGS, and the ADANGS in the head of the Limbang River; to the same group belong the KADAYANS in the neighbourhood of Bruni, who, from contact with their Malay neighbours, have become in large part Mohammedans1 of Malay culture.”


End note:

1Just in case that you may not aware of, whenever you came across with the term 'Mohammedan' anywhere in this website - and also in most of western materials - it should be read as 'Islam'. Western researchers were too stupid to differentiate between prophet Muhammad (pbuh) own ideas, and the saying of almighty God.

Source:

Hose, Charles & McDougall, 1912. The Pagan Tribes of Borneo. Borneo at the end of 19th Century, by Dr Charles Hose (1863-1929) and McDougall, William (1871-1938). The book is no longer copyrighted in the USA and now obtainable under Project Gutenberg


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Kadayans don't tatu themselves

Friday, June 13, 2008
Author kaawai Category

Written by Arimi Sidek
Thursday, 12 June 2008

The practice of tatu is so widely spread throughout Borneo that it seems simpler to give a list of the tribes that do not tatu, than of those who do.

Back tatoo

Kadayan of Bruni 3, 1912

The practice of tatu1 (sic.) is so widely spread throughout Borneo that it seems simpler to give a list of the tribes that do not tatu, than of those who do.

We can divide such a list into two sections: the first including those tribes that originally did not tatu, though nowadays many individuals are met with whose bodies are decorated with designs copied from neighbouring tribes; the second including the tribes (mostly Klemantan) that have given up the practice of tatu owing to contact with Mohammedan2 and other influences.


A.

1. Punan

2. Maloh

3. Land Dyak


B.

4. Malanau

5. Miri

6. Dali

7. Narom

8. Sigalang (down−river tribes of Ukit stock)

9. Siduan

10. Tutong

11. Balait

12. Bekiau (traces of a former practice of tatu occasionally found)

13. Bisaya

14. Kadayans


Footnote:

1The exact spelling of Dr Charles Hose in reference to modern day term of 'tatoo'.

2 Just in case that you are not aware of, whenever you came across with the term 'Mohammedan' anywhere in this website - and also in most of western materials - it should be read as 'Islam'. Western researchers were too stupid to differentiate between prophet Muhammad (pbuh) own ideas and the saying of almighty God.

Source:

Hose, Charles & McDougall, 1912. The Pagan Tribes of Borneo. Borneo at the end of 19th Century, by Dr Charles Hose (1863-1929) and McDougall, William (1871-1938). The book is no longer copyrighted in the USA and now obtainable under Project Gutenberg.


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Guru 'kurang akal' & tanah liat

Thursday, June 12, 2008
Author kaawai Category

Written by kalajiau ingaa

Kalaulah sekarang, silap-silap bai Karam Singh Walia yang pandai berkata-kata dengan pantunnya yang pelik-pelik itu telah pun datang bertandang.

Kelas oang daat

Revised text version, 12 June 2008.

Pendidikan Seni di sekolah kami tidak ubah seperti mata pelajaran kemahiran hidup. Ketika itu ia dipanggil mata pelajaran lukisan. Memang patut juga diubah nama menjadi pendidikan seni, kerana apa yang diajar di dalamnya bukan hanya sekadar melukis.

AKU OANG DAAT 12

Oang Daat, Sekolah Hulu 4 – Guru 'kurang akal' & tanah liat

Sekarang saya menyedari, mata pelajaran berkenaan sangat amali sifatnya.

Contohnya, kami telah 'diajar' untuk berjalan di semak samun belakang sekolah.

Kami juga 'diajar' memetik batang keladi biah untuk dicap di atas kertas seolah-olah mengecap batik. Ya, memotong keladi; dan juga apa-apa pokok serta daun-daun yang bersesuaian untuk dijadikan peralatan mengajar (teaching aid) oleh guru-guru genius.

Parang untuk memotong?

Jangan susah. Hampir setiap murid ada membawanya.

Jangan lupa juga, setiap hari sebelum sesi pembelajaran bermula, murid-murid daat terlebih dahulu 'diajar' untuk menjadi tukang kebun sekolah.

Bukan itu saja. Ada lagi yang lebih adventurous semasa mata pelajaran lukisan. Kami 'diajar' mengenali tebing sungai, juga di belakang sekolah untuk mengambil tanah liat.

Segala-galanya di belakang sekolah, malah di belakang sekolah kami ada gua kelawar mini.

Seluruh warga kelas baik lelaki dan perempuan harus mengambil tanah liat sendiri, jangan manja-manja!

tanah liat oang daat - kedayan

Berdasarkan ukuran persepsi ibu bapa moden sekarang, sudah tentu perilaku guru yang sebegini akan dianggap 'kurang akal'.

Bagaimana jika apa-apa terjadi kepada anak-anak kecil itu semasa berada di cerunan sungai jatuhkah, hanyutkah, kemalangan dan sebagainya?

Alamatlah. Kalau sekarang, gerenti dah kena komplen di dada akhbar. Silap-silap bai Karam Singh Walia yang pandai berkata-kata dengan pantunnya yang pelik-pelik itu telah pun datang bertandang, siap dengan krew Tivi3 untuk mengambil gambar tebing sungai berkenaan.

Tulisan yang agak terbabas di situ .... sepatutnya cerita ini ialah pasal tanah liat.

Tanah liat yang kami cari itu berwarna biru muda. Yang dikutip harus tulin tanpa dicemari pasir dan juga tanah biasa. Baunya tersendiri, hasil sedikit takungan ammonia – mungkin.

Memandangkan ketulinannya, ia adalah halus, lembut dan senang dibentuk. Tanah liat jenis ini merupakan dough semulajadi, tidak ubah seperti plastecene atau play -dough.

Kembali dari sungai dengan kaki berlumpur, kami dengan gembira untuk mengadunnya di atas meja. Kami membentuknya dengan apa-apa saja imej yang terlintas di fikiran. Atau lebih sering, tiru saja imej yang dibuat oleh kawan di sebelah. Lebih-lebih lagi jika 'ciptaan' kawan itu kebetulan dipuji oleh guru.

Imaginasi anak oang daat bagaimana pun agak terhad kepada barang-barang rumah tanpa TV. Yang paling biasa terlintas di fikiran ialah household items seperti ashtray, cawan, meja, rumah dan sebagainya - atau juga, barang mewah yang tiada taranya dunia kami ketika itu, kereta.

Selepas habis waktu pembelajaran, hasil seni tampak ini sama ada dibuang begitu saja ke bahumah sekolah, atau dibawa balik ke rumah sebagai bukti kerja keras kami ke sungai dan kemudian mengadunnya, ataupun kami simpan di atas para penyimpanan dalam kelas untuk persediaan kelas pada minggu berikutnya.

Bagi dua keadaan yang terakhir, adunan imej yang telah siap akan dikeringkan sehingga menjadi keras dan kukuh. Selebihnya, permukaan imej akan dilicin dan dikilat menggunakan balah-balahan – serpihan kaca.

Sayang, pertukangan oang daat tidak pernah menumpu kepada sumber semulajadi yang berpotensi ini.

Oang daat juga mengenali tembikar, bukannya tidak kenal. Misalnya lebih dalam ke daat, saudara seBorneo kami dari bangsa Murut Tagol mengkebumi sanak saudara mereka yang meninggal dunia di dalam tajau-tajau besar.

Tetapi di dunia kami ini seni tembikar nampaknya tidak dimajukan. Sepatutnya sebagai anak Atlantis yang menyebarkan kemahiran seni tembikar ke seluruh pelusuk dunia, kami harus mengunggulinya sehingga ke hari ini.

Kelas oang daat

Comments


dusunbukit - baangit kaabau atu tanganya.. |2008-06-12 01:50:56
aku kan ngunjar website kadayan soang ani.. amdi sidek.. adakah website nya? apa2 pun, congrate on your kadayan universe

kaawai - ada liau... |2008-06-12 08:03:23
cuba biskita cek kadayanjournal.livejournal.com, atu lamannya yang paling baru...


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What causes oil price to increase?

Monday, June 9, 2008
Author kaawai Category

Written by BBC


Some say it is because the Opec cartel is unwilling to boost its supply levels.

Who knows why oil prices are so high?


Oil price increase

Others say it is because of fears about supplies from other countries such as Nigeria and Venezuela.

But the truth is, it could be something completely different.

The fundamentals

"Why did it happen on Tuesday? Nobody really knows for a fact what's happening or where it's going," says John Hall from the energy consultancy John Hall Associates.

So what is it that moves oil prices up and down?

"It's the fundamentals, stupid," says Mark Lewis from Energy Market Consultants.

The fundamentals are factors that influence the supply of, and demand for, oil.

Things such as the increasing demand from China and India, as well as fears that a stand-off between the US and Iran could interrupt supplies, have been raising oil prices.

Alternatively, financial factors may be at work, such as a hedge fund having to sell a particular oil contract so it does not end up receiving a tanker-load of oil - or a trader deciding it would be fun to be the first to trade oil above $100 a barrel.

Its seems that even international communities aren'tt really sure what drives oil price increase. But on the contrary, Malaysia's government does. It says on TV3 a few days ago, global supply is likely gone by 2013 - that is, 5 years from now.

Comments


kaki basar - bikin susah aku mau baca! |2008-06-14 11:03:47
Nah, aku copykan full news tu --- bikin susah aku baca ja terklik sana, terklik sini.....

Who knows why oil prices are so high?
By Anthony Reuben
Business reporter, BBC News

Various reports have attributed the recent record breaking rise in oil prices to different reasons, but who is correct?

Trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange
New York oil prices have hit record highs this week

Some say it is because the Opec cartel is unwilling to boost its supply levels.

Others say it is because of fears about supplies from other countries such as Nigeria and Venezuela.

But the truth is, it could be something completely different.

The fundamentals

"Why did it happen on Tuesday? Nobody really knows for a fact what's happening or where it's going," says John Hall from the energy consultancy John Hall Associates.

So what is it that moves oil prices up and down?

"It's the fundamentals, stupid," says Mark Lewis from Energy Market Consultants.

The fundamentals are factors that influence the supply of, and demand for, oil.

Things such as the increasing demand from China and India, as well as fears that a stand-off between the US and Iran could interrupt supplies, have been raising oil prices.

Alternatively, financial factors may be at work, such as a hedge fund having to sell a particular oil contract so it does not end up receiving a tanker-load of oil - or a trader deciding it would be fun to be the first to trade oil above $100 a barrel.

The problem is, much fundamental information is not freely available.

No sense

"We really don't know what the fundamentals are doing at any point in time," Mr Lewis says.

"The markets are looking for signals from the fundamentals. Some of them are irrelevant, some of them are wrong, some of them are meaningless, but they affect prices nevertheless."

When the New York oil price broke through $100 a barrel for the first time at the start of 2008, one of the factors cited as being behind it was the assassination of Benazir Bhutto in Pakistan on 27 December 2007.


Mark Lewis, Energy Market Consultants
It's like the dotcom boom in the 1990s
Mark Lewis, Energy Market Consultants

"That didn't strike us as making any sense at the time," says Sean Cronin, editor of Argus Global Markets.

He says that people are too keen to attribute market moves to geopolitical factors.

He attributes rising prices to over-optimistic expectations of oil production by non-Opec countries - and also to signs that Opec members appear to have a greater tendency to stick to their output limits.

'Can't sit around'

These long-term trends are all very well, but oil traders have to make quick decisions.

"You can't sit around a day or two and see what happens," says Mr Hall.

"So the rocket testing in North Korea [previously cited as a reason for rising prices] or the assassination of Benazir Bhutto turned out to have no real effect, but they might have done."

Some of the factors that are more likely to influence oil supply and demand, such as figures of oil demand from China, are not available.

That means that minor news of fundamentals, such as the output of a single refinery, may be given too much weight.

"Little changes in insignificant parts of the fundamental picture, if they're visible, can have a substantial impact on the oil price - substantial in the sense of several dollars," Mr Lewis says.

Dotcom boom

So there appears to be a distinction between the factors that raise the oil price because they affect sentiment and the ones that genuinely affect supply and demand for oil.

And it may be that rises due to the former are vulnerable.

"It's like the dotcom boom in the 1990s," says Mr Lewis. "It was overinflated, but as long as everyone kept believing in it, the price went up."

"When they stopped believing in it, the price went down. And that's a warning."


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Nakhoda Ragam & Kadayans

Author kaawai Category

Written by Arimi Sidek

The present royal house of Bruni is derived from Arab, Bisaya, and Chinese. The coronation ceremony confirmed this account. On the other hand, Nakhoda Ragam was the 'creator' of Kadayan tribe.

Kayan peace making ceremony

Nakhoda Ragam & Kadayans

Kadayans of Bruni 2, 1912

Sultan Mohammed was succeeded by his brother Akhmad, son−in−law of the Chinese chief, and he was in turn succeeded by an Arab from Taif who had married his daughter. Thus the present royal house of Bruni is derived from three sources −− Arab, Bisaya, and Chinese.


The coronation ceremony as still maintained affords an interesting confirmation of this account. On that occasion the principal minister wears a turban and Haji outfit, the two next in rank are dressed in Chinese and Hindu fashion, while the fourth wears a chawat over his trousers to represent the Bisayas; and each of these ministers declares the Sultan to be divinely appointed.

Then after the demonstration of loyalty the two gongs −− one from Menangkabau, the other from Johore −− are beaten, and the Moslem high priest proclaims the Sultan and preaches a sermon, declaring him to be a descendant of Sri Turi Buana, the Palembang chief who founded the early kingdom of Singapore in 1160 A.D., who reigned in that island for forty−eight years, and whose descendants became the royal family of Malacca.

The Arab Sultan who succeeded Akhmed assumed the name Berkat and ruled the country with vigour. He built a mosque and converted many of his subjects, so that from his reign Bruni may be considered a Mohammedan1 town. To defend the capital he sank forty junks filled with stone in the river, and thus formed the breakwater which still bars the entrance to large ships. This work rose above the water level, and in former times bristled with cannon. Sultan Berkat was succeeded by his son Suleiman, whose reign was of little consequence.

Neglecting Suleiman, we come now to the most heroic figure in Bruni history, Sultan Bulkiah, better known by his earlier name, Nakoda Ragam. The prowess of this prince has been celebrated in prose and verse. He journeyed to distant lands, and conquered the Sulu islands and eastern Borneo.

Over the throne of Sambas he set a weak−minded brother of his own. He even sent an expedition to Manila, and on the second attempt seized that place. Tribute poured into his coffers from all sides.

His wife was a Javanese princess, who brought many people to Bruni. These intermarried with the Bisayas, and from them it is said are sprung the Kadayans, a quiet agricultural folk, skilled in various arts, but rendered timid by continual oppression. Some have settled recently in the British colony of Labuan, and others in Sarawak round the river Sibuti, where they have become loyal subjects of the Rajah of Sarawak.



End note

1Just in case that you are not aware of, whenever you came across with the term 'Mohammedan' anywhere in this website - and also in most of western materials - it should be read as 'Islam'. Western researchers were too stupid to differentiate between prophet Muhammad (pbuh) own ideas and the saying of almighty God.

Source:

Hose, Charles & McDougall, 1912. The Pagan Tribes of Borneo. Borneo at the end of 19th Century, by Dr Charles Hose (1863-1929) and McDougall, William (1871-1938). The book is no longer copyrighted in the USA and now obtainable under Project Gutenberg.


Comments


Anonymous |2008-06-07 10:48:46
One of the most confusing findings usually are dates, here are ones, Sultan Akhmed (Ahmad) he who married the Prince of Kinabatanagan succeeded by Berkat who had no blood connection to the royal. From here there was another Sultan thae only Bolkiah. The account given by foreign researchers can be amusing read that makes reading Brunei official's document secondary only if not artificial.

amde sidik


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Idahan & Kedayans, 1846

Author kaawai Category

Written by Arimi Sidek

Coastal Muslim from the eastern section of the Archipelago, mainly Bajau (Sama), used the term "Ida'an" (alternatively rendered "Idahan" or "Idaan") to refer to similar, non-Muslim peoples but particularly to those in Sabah.

Idahan girls

This term appeared in the journals of early English voyagers to the Borneo coast (see Forrest, 1779:368), and it continued to occur with frequency in reports on northern Borneo into the late 1800's.

However, the term "Ida'an" sometimes was not restricted to the Dusun-speaking populations alone, but included in addition the Murut peoples (Low, 1848:343), the Kedayan of Brunei (Keppel, 1846:194-195), and so on.


Source:

Appell, G.N. 1968. The Dusun language of northern Borneo: the Rungus Dusun and related problem1. Reprinted from Oceanic Linguistics, VOL. VII, NO. 1, Summer, 1968 by George N. Appell, Ph.D., Brandeis University.


Comments


dusunbukit - sama & ida'an |2008-06-12 02:31:36
not all the bajau etnics are 'sama'. the term 'sama' only used for those in the west coast areas, especially kota belud. the word 'sama' used by the non-muslim natives in referring to the muslim natives. some 'sama' are in fact belong to 'idaan' group but changed to 'sama' after their conversion to Islam. these are proven back in the 1950's to late 1960's. case in point: the late tun said keruak is originally 'idaan' from the tindal tribe. his 'idaan' name is sintom keruak

the muslim natives used the term 'idaan' referring to the non-muslim natives living in the highland areas.


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